What people pay in taxes is not as simple as calculating income tax. As written in Types of Taxes in US, there are a number of types of taxes we pay. The types of taxes we pay include capital gains, estate, hospitality, luxury, payroll, property, and sales tax. To make things more complicated, each county and city might levy its own taxes. Someone who lives in Los Angeles will pay a different tax rate than someone who lives in Santa Ana, even though they are only 30 miles apart. The list below is based primarily on the following taxes: income tax, property tax, and sales tax.